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The knee is one of the biggest joint of the human body and is subjected day after day, to repeated constraints during our daily movements and activities. This joint is highly exposed to trauma since it supports most of our body weight and isn’t really protected by muscles.
The knee joint is composed of powerful lateral, anterior and crossed ligaments that provide stability by retaining joints and preventing any sideways movements as well as higher than 180 degrees rotations. Fibro cartilages attached between the articular bone surface, called meniscus, are used as stabilizers, and, to a certain extent, shock absorbers for the knee.
Muscle and tendon knee lesions are often related, but not only, to practicing irregular activities or sports that require jumps. Inadequate or inappropriate muscle warm-up can also cause knee pain. Excess weight and physical inactivity are factors that can precipitate muscle damage development. Other joints injuries can also have a negative impact on the knee.
Ligaments lesions injuries are caused by traumas where ligaments or muscle fibers are stretched, torn or tear up. Caused by a torsion or abrupt knee elongation, this injury can occur during a false movement, an impact or a fall. A sprain is a first degree ligament injury.
Meniscal lesions can be caused by falling or while working in a crouched or kneeling position.
Among those lesions, there is osteoarthritis and chondromalacia, which is a cartilage softening.
Depending on your condition’s severity, it is advisable to :